Since 2017, many logistics enterprises in China have made innovations in the field of green logistics. For example, rookie joint environmental protection department and other relevant departments to establish the world's first green logistics city in Xiamen; the Jingdong plans to invest 1 billion yuan to build the green logistics fund; Suning in April launched the "sharing express box"; through the SF flight plans and other measures to save fuel 2000 tons; post EMS mining with information and intelligent scheduling system to guide the express delivery route...... These tiny spots of the "green" becoming liaoyuanzhishi.
In recent years, the development of green logistics in China significantly accelerated in the days before the seventh session held in Chinese city logistics development conference, the development research center of the State Post Bureau director Fang Xi pointed out that the green logistics is the inevitable choice, the domestic logistics enterprises have also done a lot of innovation, but the green logistics is a systematic project, not a a platform, an enterprise can independently, needs the government, courier companies, businesses and consumers to work together and take.
Objective constraints let logistics have to be "green"
"Green logistics is the mainstream of development now, the resources and environment constraints under the new normal state, let the logistics industry have to be green." Fang Xi said.
In terms of the economic environment, there is a big gap between energy production and consumption in China, and the gap is still increasing. In early 2017, BP group released the "BP World Energy Outlook (2017 Edition)" pointed out that by 2035 China in global energy consumption in the proportion will exceed 25%, Chinese will remain the world's largest net importer of energy, Chinese energy import dependence from 16% in 2015 to 21% in 2035. Energy has become an important factor that restricts the development of our country. Meanwhile, the 2016 environmental Bulletin shows that China's environmental carrying capacity has also reached the upper limit, and the environmental pollution stock and increment are continuing. The trend of environmental quality deterioration has not yet been fundamentally reversed.
From the political point of view, the report put the construction of ecological civilization as the new requirements of building a well-off society of the general layout of the construction of ecological civilization construction into eighteen general China socialism "five in one", the nineteen report is on the construction of ecological civilization and a profound exposition in many aspects, will enhance the construction of ecological civilization "Millennium Development and first proposed the" socialist ecological civilization ", the value and the concept of the ecological civilization construction to provide support.
From a technical point of view, the Ministry of science and technology, Ministry of environmental protection jointly issued three ministries to "major environmental protection technology and equipment directory" to encourage the development of national guidance since 2014, China's environmental protection technology and service to specialization, diversification and marketization, China's environmental protection product quality and performance is greatly improved, and some the formation of independent intellectual property brand, the logistics industry has the technical conditions of green development.
From the social environment, with the rising standard of living, from seeking food and clothing to look forward to the ecological environmental protection, to make a living from, people's growing awareness of environmental protection, at the same time, the Internet promotes the further awakening of public environmental awareness, but also makes the public participation in environmental protection is more diverse, independent and open. The green development of the enterprise has become the important social responsibility of the enterprise.
Progress accelerates but still remains misleading
At present, there are still a lot of misunderstandings in the green logistics in our country. One is to oversee the green of the packaging, ignoring the discharge of the whole process of logistics. The two is that the logistics express enterprise is the main responsibility, and ignores the common responsibility of the whole industry chain.
Fang Xi said that the "double eleven" package was overflowing, and more than 1 billion 500 million parcels could be linked up to the news of the earth for seven and a half times. In fact, according to the calculation of foreign enterprises, transportation emissions account for more than 80% of the total emissions of enterprises, and air traffic accounts for more than 70% of transportation emissions. Therefore, packaging is very important, but it is not an inevitable factor that can really make the industry green. The emphasis should be on improving transportation equipment and exploring new fuels. The main way for our country's express enterprises to make efforts for the environment is to improve the packaging, and the new energy vehicles have not become the main direction of the strategy.
In addition, the present express logistics enterprises in China are mainly on the application of environmental protection technology. Packaging and environmental technology can not be used, how much to use and improve the space. Most of them depend on upstream providers, suppliers and end customers. Most of them are difficult to achieve cost transfer. "Express enterprises and logistics enterprises to transfer a piece of money, customers run away. So we need to understand the green problem from the perspective of the whole green supply chain, which is not only a matter of express logistics, but also a common responsibility of the industry chain. Fang Xi said.
Green logistics needs multiple guarantees
The whole industry should be green and must be guaranteed in many ways.
Due to the attention of express packaging, at present, the national standard of "express packaging products" series (the three parts of envelopes, packaging boxes and bags) has been revised and completed, waiting for the approval of the National Standard Committee. The two standards for the postal tape (ordinary tape and biodegradable tape) are also coming. Last year, the State Post Office issued the "implementation plan for promoting the green packaging work of the express industry", which explicitly proposed 20 measures of green and reduction.
The national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of transportation and other relevant departments have issued a policy on the promotion and demonstration of energy conservation and emission reduction projects in transportation organizations and special funds. In order to promote transportation and save energy and improve energy efficiency, the Ministry of communications has formulated the "energy conservation law of the People's Republic of China" approach for highway and waterway transportation.
The development of green logistics also needs the corresponding technical support. Current order